The national universal service is aimed at all young French men and girls aged 15 to 17. It includes a period of cohesion and a mission of general interest. Each young person can then complete a voluntary commitment between the ages of 16 and 25. Young people or families who want to be informed are equipped with two tools: Young people between the ages of 16 and 18 are required to go to school. „Compulsory education may be provided either in public or private institutions or schools or in families by the parents, one of them or a person of their choice.”  If your child is going to school in the family, the mayor must conduct an examination of the child starting in Grade 1. This survey is renewed every 2 years until the child is 16 years old. In France, after his initiation in 1793 with Louis-Joseph Charlier and the successive transformations under the French Revolution, then after the Revolution of 1848, secular and free compulsory education was introduced by the Law of 28 March 1882 (known as the „Jules Ferry Law”). Primary education will then become compulsory for children of both sexes between the ages of six and thirteen. It can be administered either in primary or secondary schools, or in public or private schools, or in families, by the father of the family himself or by any other person chosen by him.
From the second half of the nineteenth century, interest in concrete education for children increased, but also posed a problem of public opinion, which opposed clerics to anticlericals. From 1842 to 1895, four laws attempted to solve this problem of religion without really succeeding. It was not until 1914 that a law put an end to this educational war, waged by clerics and anticlericals, by introducing compulsory and free education for each of the children. Both parties will benefit, as funding will be organized for both free and official institutions. Nearly 80,000 young people leave the school system each year without a diploma and 60,000 minors do not receive education, training or employment. They have great difficulty entering the labour market and are the first victims of poverty. Since the beginning of the 2020 school year, so that no young person remains in a situation where he is not in training, training or employment, the training obligation is extended until the age of 18. At the end of the situational interview, the counsellor must offer the young person a detailed diagnosis, which can be supplemented by a skills assessment. Compulsory education, now called „compulsory education”, is listed in book 1 of the Education Code (art.
L131 et seq.). Article L. 131-2 provides as follows: But the one who says „obligation” says „control”: it is the local missions that have been responsible for ensuring that all young people aged 16 to 18 comply with this training obligation. The 450 French local missions are associations that have set themselves the goal of welcoming young people aged 16 to 25 who need support to define a professional project. They help them find internships and training or accompany them when they return to initial training. Now, with the help of schools, they will identify young people under the age of 18 who are not in school. The young person is then called to the local mission of his city with his parents or a legal representative to explain what this obligation is and what options are available to him. Without a response within 2 months of this contact, the local mission must report the information to the Departmental Council, which must then refer the case to the best interests of the child. So much for the law.