Common Law – The legal system that originated in England and is now used in the United States. It is based on court decisions and not on laws adopted by the legislator. In U.S. law, the right of the state to an estate for which there is no one legally qualified to inherit or claim the estate. When a case is heard and heard by the court, the plaintiff`s argument is called the respondent`s response. In pleadings, the plaintiff`s response to a written statement from the defendant is usually referred to as a response. Complaint – The first formal action to bring legal action and civil proceedings, the complaint, is a written document filed by the plaintiff as part of the court case that contains the claims and allegations that must receive a „response” from the defense. The complaint also describes the specific damages t.co/mJ18F1GGBidemanded by the plaintiff to restore justice and sets the tone for the issues at stake and at stake in the case. All financial interests of the debtor at the time of filing the application for insolvency. The estate technically becomes the temporary rightful owner of all the debtor`s assets. Interrogations – Written questions put to a party by a counterparty, to which the party must respond in writing under oath. Interrogations are part of the discovery in a trial. Conceptually differs from a divorce in that a divorce terminates a legal status, while a declaration of disability indicates that a marital status never existed.
A question asked by a witness` lawyer who suggests the desired answer. Key issues are prohibited under direct examination, but allowed under cross-examination. A proceeding in which a party to judicial proceedings requests the setting aside or modification of a judgment or final order of a lower court or administrative authority by a higher court. Judgment in Default – A judgment rendered because the defendant did not respond or did not appear. With regard to civil actions in „justice” and not in „law”. In English legal history, courts could order the payment of damages and could not afford any other remedy (see Damages). A separate „justice” court might ask someone to do something or stop doing something (e.g., injunction). In U.S. jurisprudence, federal courts have both legal and just power, but the distinction is still important. For example, a jury trial is usually available in „legal cases,” but not in „equity cases.” Jurisdiction – (1) The legal power of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction occurs when two courts have jurisdiction in the same case at the same time.
Some issues may be heard in state and federal courts. The plaintiff first decides where to sue, but in some cases, the defendant may try to change courts. 2. The geographical area in which the General Court has jurisdiction to rule on cases. A federal court in a state, for example, can usually rule on only one case arising from acts committed in that state. Non-insolvency proceedings in which an applicant or creditor attempts to make a debtor`s future salary dependent on its claim. In other words, the creditor seeks to have part of the debtor`s future salary paid to the creditor for a debt owed to the creditor. Plea – In a criminal case, the defendant`s testimony pleads guilty to „guilty” or „not guilty” in response to the charge in public court. A plea from nolo contendere or a plea from Alford can also be made. An admission of guilt allows the accused to drop a trial. Term used to indicate that a court has jurisdiction to hear all controversies that may be conducted within the legal limits of rights and remedies. Is contrary to a special or limited jurisdiction.
A court case to enforce the payment of a debt by the sale of real estate in which the creditor holds a privilege. A legal theory and a lawsuit based on a defendant`s misuse of the plaintiff`s personal property for his own benefit. Written pleadings – Written observations of the parties in a civil case concerning their positions. In federal courts, the most important pleadings are the complaint and the response. A lawsuit to establish the legitimate owner(s) of a property. The association of two or more persons in a court case. A statement of claim directing the sheriff or other officer to inform the designated person that a lawsuit has been brought against him or her in a court and that the designated person is required to respond to the complaint in such a lawsuit. A court order or invitation to appear in person before the court on a specific date in a particular courtroom at a specific time to respond to an indictment. An act to give legal authenticity to a registration so that the registration is legally admissible as evidence; Certified copies of public documents are self-authenticating and a certified copy is a certified copy that requires further examination. During controversial debates, distraction, colloquially referred to as „changing the subject,” has been widely observed and often seen as a failure to answer a question.  Written submissions to the court describing a party`s legal or factual allegations about the case. The legal power of a court to hear and decide a particular type of case.
It is also used as a synonym for jurisdiction, i.e. the geographical area for which the court has jurisdiction to rule on cases. A lawsuit or legal proceeding against the person based on personal responsibility. In civil law, a „response” is the first formal response of the defense to a complaint filed by the plaintiff with the court. This opening written statement will admit or reject the allegations or request additional information about the allegations of misconduct. Bring a person accused of a crime to court to answer the charges against them. Written notification by an official given to a person or published in accordance with legal requirements that he or she has been designated as a party to a dispute or has been charged with a criminal offence. The procedure consists of a summons to appear, a summons or an arrest warrant accompanied by a copy of the complaint or other procedural acts. In law, a response refers to a defendant`s first formal written statement on a plaintiff`s first motion or complaint. This opening written statement will admit or reject the allegations or request additional information about the allegations of misconduct. Most often, a response includes the defendant`s counterclaims (claims or claims against the plaintiff) and/or affirmative defenses (legal defenses that may defeat the plaintiff`s claim).
Recourse based on a system of fairness, natural law or justice, as opposed to common law remedies. In family law or children`s law, the time at which a child becomes legally free of parental control occurs automatically when he or she reaches the age of majority (18 for most purposes). This can happen earlier if the child is married or if he is abandoned by the parents and supports himself. An answer is an answer to a question or a solution to a problem. At common law, a response is a defendant`s first argument, which is usually filed within a certain strict time and served on the plaintiff after the defendant has received a civil claim or criminal information or an indictment. It may have been preceded by an optional request for dismissal or to thwart „pre-response”; If such a request is rejected, the defendant must file a response to the complaint under penalty of adverse judgment. A judgment that is automatically granted to the plaintiff in a lawsuit if the defendant does not file a response to the plaintiff`s complaint or request within a certain period of time or does not show up when the case is scheduled for the hearing. Consent of the respondent to cease activities that the government claims to be illegal.
Also an order in council in a fairness case issued with the consent of both parties. An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position in court and answer questions from judges. Bail – guarantee for the release of a criminal accused or a witness from pre-trial detention (usually in the form of money) in order to guarantee his appearance on the day and time fixed. „I would recommend adding a counterclaim to our response, we have reasons to claim damages. Translation: Yes, they have filed a lawsuit against us, but despite their claims, we have reasons to seek compensation and justice for the way you were hurt by this event.